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ȫʱӢռйѧĽ

δ֪ ԴӦд ʱ2005-12-29¹վ

ȫʱӢռйѧĽ  
ʱ䣺 2003-3-4  ߣ  
   ᡡҪ:̽ȫѳΪѧһǰۿ⡣ĴȫʱӢռԼйѧij,һЩӦĶԲ:ӭȫ򻯵ս,ӢһĻ,ͬʱѧĽнӢһйIJ,մﵽйѧĽһζӢռֻʹ⿪ŵĴŹر,ȫᵼйĻݵʧȴ
           ؼ:ȫ;Ӣ;;ֳ񡡡
           :   .,:,,.? ?ᡯ,,ߣ   .:,,,
           ͼ:206
           ױʶ:ᡡ
           ±:1004-6038(2000)08-0048-04
           ߼:(1955-),,ʿ,о:Ƚѧ,,ѧ   

           еҪ,ӢΪռӰһ,ⲻڶѧо,ͬʱҲǵճԼóСȻڴһȫ򻯻ʱʱ,ôӢĹҲͱԽԽ,ҲͶ緶Χʹʮֹ㷺Թս
           20ͳ80ѧйѧӰں̶ܴǵӢн顣йʵиĸ↑,Ӣ˵͹ż,ij̶ֳѳ˲ȱٵĶ,йĿǰʹõΪ㷺һԡѧҰӢﵱнƹǿгɹΨһֶ,Ҳ,رһЩйͳĻоĹϻ֪ʶ,Ӣȫʱռ͸е,,ӢռйĻ,пʹйѧ"ֳ"
           ĵдʵǶй֪ʶеĻ"ֳ"ĻӦȫᄈӢռĻ͸ڵǰȫ򻯻ʱʱ,ӢǵĿѧо֪ʶаԽԽҪĽɫ,һڽǶԹʻʹáǵĻоѧо,رӢѧϵ,DzòŽӢҵĻо()ľ޴Ӱ,ΪΪһſѧƵѧۻ,ĿǰѾй۽硣ЩΪ,ĻоΪѧʹͳѧоɥ,һЩϲõ黶ӭֳ,Ա˻оӢʶѧķΧ,֮½ȷʵ,ĻоѾڽ𲽽ܵй,йõ,ǰźִйᄈµıս˥һ¼,ںֳֳԵͬС,ĻоӢ,ԾӢĻ;ѧоҲսνȫں̶ܴ԰Ȩ ,ΪӰ;ѾӢﱾ̵Ӱ,ν"Ӣ"(   )ⷽһӡ̽Ӣռ漰Ļоʢо޷йĻ"ֳ"ϵ
           ҿ,κĻѧ,ǶĻ,һֹӽбһ"ı"졣ͬ,κĻѧ,ҪŵһĹᄈͼΪЧѧн,ôͱѡҪӢ֮нܷáйĺֳоߴһ:һ,ͼʹйĻֳԱ㺴йĻ;һ,ΪܹЧͬѧнͶԻ,ֲòӢԼ,ΪӢǵѧΨһЧĹԡ         
           Ϊķ,һĻоʷо״ͬһ,ĻоָͳľӢĻ,רָǾӢĻʹĻ,ĻʹýĻһ,Ļо漰,ɰ:
           (1)רºֳд/оо(),а»()ĶĽԼԴ˽еʶ̬ĺѧƲ,˹Ƥ߿()Ĵӽ⹹͵ŮҵԵ۹Ȩ,ԼסͰ()Ļݽ۹ĺֳۡȻŹԵĺֳ۵Ľһ,Ͱ͵ԽԽӰͳ,رǶ԰йڵĵѧߺżջ,ΪĿǰĻоᄈΪעݺɢ()Ļ⡣
           (2)רעijһضΡáĻΪпѧоо(),ĿǰԶѧ߶ջ޺̫ƽоȡһ,ȫ⡢۹IJԼͬⶼоǹעĶǽ޽Σdzѧ޷رܵ,Ϊ˵ȫ򻯸ýͽڽһֱӺµѧо,Ϊ,ĻȫΪȫ򻯵һֱӽ,ȫпܴĺ:,ʹǵĻҵѧоֱܵгõԼ,ǽ,ʹþýĻĹϵΪ;,ʹþӢĻгָĻԽԽ,Dzһµĵȼƶȡйǰĵᄈ,ֵǾ:ֵؿĻȫ򻯵ڸĻ,ʹйĻɥʧе;ǿĻԶȫ򻯵ĵųһӰҲһʽĻ塣ߺܻܿʹйĹĻѧ,ýϰ      
           (3)רעŮд/ŮоԱо(),ǰעӹȥȡŮȨĻתעŮ,һԪĻᄈ²ȫȻԿ֡һ,ŮĻݱعΪһ˫رԵ,ǾŴӱԵĵ˶,ͼɵ,ؽµIJͬʶŮԻ,Ůдйķ,ŮȨ͸ŮоԺŮѧ߶ԽԽ
           (4)רעӰӡҵڴĻʽĴýо(),ȻΪĻýķо,ҲǵǰĻоΪĵ⡣ԷǾӢȡĻоǿ,ѧ;ӢĻܵԽԽϾսʻһýռҲ鹹ѧԼͳĵӰ͵ӹҵϾս,ѧرԽԽխ,,ѧоߺҶһǧѧǰе硣ҶĻоڵй֮εӦָ,ĻоЩ涼ͨӢռӢ԰Ȩǿʵֵ,˺,ѾԳȫʱɱ֢򡣾˵һʱ,˶ѧϰӢĶд,Ӣн,Լڹ,/òӢ͸DZ:Ӣľ޴Ӱ,βܱĻݵ?Ȼ,ȫ򻯺Ϳʱᄈ,ѧǶΪ,ӢȷʵΪһµİȨڷ,û,Ǿ޷Ϲʿѧѧо½? Ӣռ?ĻоҲԽԽѧߵĹע,ΪѲֻԼĹһˡסͰ͵Ļ()ʾ,ȫʱĻкĻĽ,ǵĻҲģһ˲(һ)Եش(),пͬʱĺͱԵ,ЩûġûܲͬʱҲܱϽľͿ˾ʽͬ,йһЩ˫ݺ͹֪ȵѧҲͬʱڶѧ򷢻áƵĹԽͻ,ǵȻҲģ,,Ӣ岻ݴǵسʹǵнΨһֶΡһ,йѧѧ߲˽ѧо½չ,Աйͳѧо;һ,ҲӢдѧ,ڹҪѧڿϷڹ֪Ĵѧ,ܵõѧijϡһ,ȻӦ,ΪǵĻоҲռҪĵλ,Ϊ""ʹΪ㷺һֹ,ӢӰԽԽ㷺,ر? Щִ̿ʹԤϵĹҺ͵ˡЩ?ִij̶ֳ˵ͬ
           ڵй,Ÿĸ↑Ž̵ļӿ,Ӣռм:1   Ҫѧ,ӢϵӢΪϵ(Ժ),Ǵйѧоˮƽ,ѧоչ,еή״2   еĴѧоӦӢεһű޿,ǽҪµĹҪ3   ʿо׫дʿʱ,ʲô,ʹԭ,ͨӢ,ֻ,ύ粢ͨ4   κѧ߻оԱҪһְ,ͨһ(ͨӢ)Բ걨5   ڼеijѧ(һЩеСѧ)ũѧ,ѧѧһ(ͨҲӢ)õҵ֤,ȵȡӢйĸߵԺУоʹ,㷺ӦҵóҵѺ͹ҵ
           ,йӢѧ深,һӢʦ,DZֵĽʦ,ȻҪһЩһж޿ɱ粵ʾ,йѧоԽԽʻȫ,ҲԽԽ淶ûӢн,϶޷ʵֵġⲻһ͹۵ʵ,Ҳκ˶޷ԤҲ޷ܵʷ֮Ȼڵ:ȫ򻯵ʱ,ϲ,㶼붮һЩӢ,ûһ޷ɹڵʱ͹ȥйĻ"ֳ"?ȫ򻯵ĵ,йҵԼ޿ĵλͶؼֵΪúͽȫ򻯵һֱӺ,Ļȫ򻯶й֪ʶԼѧдŸΪ̵Ӱ졣ѧDzòеԼʵϴ(Ļ)ȫ򻯵ĽСԽԽѧʹûѧо,ĻȫʵѾʹǸΪֱѧЧĽйѧ,Щѧ߽Ӣﻨϴʱ;ۺĻооɹĽܸͬ,ּӰ첢йѧۺ80,ʽ塢ѧṹ塢塢ѧṹ塢ѧѧʷ塢ִ塢ֳĻоۻĻ˼ͬһҴҽй̳˼,йѧѧо˾޴Ӱ졣ͬʱ,һЩ,еִѧʦҪƷ,൱һйӰйӰ졣һ,ҲһЩ:һЩ۹׺Ӣˮƽ൱ѧΪ׷еʱ,Լдô,ɵĽ,רҵͬжǵ¡ȻйѧۺѧоѧоƽȵĶԻ,,ǵļʹشͳDzйѧ߲ŭ,ΪЩѧ߿,йһѧ,ڹзԼ,йѧȴûԼڶؽйۻĹ,ЩѧߺٽԼۻ,ΪйĻ"ֳ"еһֳֺԡڱȽѧо,"йѧ"ٶȽǵĶ,һЩѧۺͱȽѧֻԼһЩϷпɼߡȻ,Щ˿,ȫ򻯺Ӱ첻ɱйѧķչԼйĽ,ҲͳйĻ"ֳ"Ҫԭ򡣵Ȼ,һӰг䵱нӢռ
           ؿһ,ôǾӦ˵,ΪйĻۻǷ"ֳ"ӦӲͬζ,һŶۡЩΪ,Ӣռǹȥ20йѧݵʽ()ȫҪԭ,Ϊ۽Ļѧ˼ͨӢĵнйĻġ,йĻʧȥԼ,ҲʧȥԼĻ,ڹ̳ϲӢķԵĻ,ԼҲɥʧˡһЩΪ,ͨȽѧ"йѧ"ʵйĻķֳDZҪ,80Ƚѧھʱ"Ĭ"ٶȲʱ,ڵǰ༫ͶԪ,ֽѧɵijʵǹʱ"ŷ"()""()ķ,ν"й"(   )ƺгֵһ:ΪʲôôйѧϰӢӢ񾹳˺һǷƷζ߻ѧʶԨı׼?յ,,ر,ĵȴ,˵йĻѧ˼ھˡйѧѧΪܳ,ȵͨӢ,Щйרȴѧ,ййͬѵһĻϵʧ?Dzȷʵ,Ҫ̽Щ,òȡһֱ֤̬ȽпӦ,ЩѧҲԼɵӢڹ͸԰Ȩ,Լɴ˶ɵйĻ"ֳ"
           ʵ,90,źִͺֳ۵,йĻѧֹһ"ѧ","ֳ"йᄈ·νĻֳ͸һԿԲԡй""ȷʵΪ,20ͳ,йĻѧ"ֳ",ʱ,йԱԽԽŷ,һʷжġȷʵ,ǰйĻѧϲܵκӰ;ͬ,й⿪,ѧ˼Ļ۷ӵй,йִĻѧǿҵӰ졣ⷽ,³Ѹ""ԭֱ춼Ӱ졣Ȼ,һ,ͬʱҲһ:йĻѧĻѧΪ;һ,Щ˼ĽɵƾôͳйĻ,ʹ"ֳ"ˡٵһԽԽ,ͬʱҲʹԽԽйĻѧǰʵ,ҿ,һѲ⽻ζűйĻѧ,ΪйĻѧִһֱزٵڶйĻѧеⷬϸ֮,ҾöЩӵӦȡһֱ֤̬ȡӢռһᵼйĻѧ"ֳ",ȫбҪڹȥﻨܴͨӢнĻѧƷܵй,Ϊ϶ǸõͷйѧĻйĹʵλ,йĻѧѧֵ˼ҲԽԽõѧԼͨڵijϡӢռҲǰйĻѧھܸⲿ硣ⷽ,ǵĿѧѾһ,ѧΪʲôҲ?µıȽѧо˵,ǵййԵѧ֮һdzйȽѧоĵһ׶Խ-Ӱ(رѧӰйѧ)ΪɫĻ,ôǽĵڶ׶ξӦԸعעйĻѧȫĴΪ,ӢǵоɹԵøΪҪˡⷽ,ǵĿѧͬǰͷ,Ժгɹֵ֮һ׼ǿжٳɹ(Ӣ)һ? ?ǵѧоڸոտʼĽ׶ΡͨӢнйĻĹŲѧƷܸ϶ǼΪ,,ԽԽ˾ͻ˽йǺò,Щ֪ƫйд˽йй,ǿĻֳ񻯲ζȡӢPѧռ,Ϊйȥֳֵܵ,йĻûбֳ෴,һЩͼʹйĻֳ˲DZ""ܵйĻӰ졣ֻȫӢˮƽ,DzܸΪЧн,ӢռйѧĽì,ǽӢ,Dzܸõ粢ййィӢԴйʽг,ʵҲͽȫ򻯵Ļ,йļó֯()Ǵӻһ̡,޷ر"ַ"()      
           Ԥ,ӢォδаԽԽҪĽɫ:һ޴"",Ժ׵ر˴˽н,ȽԲͬĿ,ͬʱҲijЩشĿͨǸǽԼĸĻ,ôԵ罫ҳʲô!ǿ϶Ҫ̶һ˵Ϊ϶ʹõĹΪǽĹߡ۰̨ͬǽĹһԾͨ;ǵıŷҲԾʹӢΪ,ΪʹõĹȺռij̶ȶ,ӢﶼΪĹԽ,DzòڹʽʹΪʹǵоɹõѧij,ҲӢ׫дǵҪ,߽ǵҪ۵㷭Ӣ,ЩߴΪʧǻ:Ȼʹú,ΪʲôﶼӢĿ?ΪʲôŵѧίԱίԱ(ίԱ)ԭĶйѧƷ?ȷʵ,ԺΪĸλһ,ûпȫͳͳúн?ȻDzʵġΪйȤѡ޺ĸ? ṩ?ҸΪҪ,յ֮һ,ڲй֪ʶҲˡ,ķҲ޷еϵͳݡȻӢѾĿǰʹ(Ϊĸ,Ϊһֹٷ,Ϊһ)һֹ,Ϊʲôʹ?Ӧʶ,Dzòһѡ,ǾͽٶʹԼڹѧ硣,ǵѧĻо,ѧǷdzйĻѧ"ֳ"ӦԵIJԲӦֹѧϰӢӢйѧӢ,ǵĸ,Ȼڹѧ緢ǵ""֮,йѧڹѧֻһЩ⼮˺ѧҽн,ɵʧ޷ֲġ
           ֵҵ,ѧϰڹԽԽռԽԽй,Ϊ˺йѧϰ,һΪܸõйĻѧľʵʡһȫɴȫߡǿԴеõʲôʾ?ȥ,й״̬ʱ,ȻDzֵܳġЩйȤֻѧһЩԱйĺ̸,,ĻѾչ˾ͷ,¶һЩ޷Σ,һЩʶ֮ʿΪֻдĻ(йĻ)ӽڽΣйۺϹǿ,йĻľʵΪĿ,ԽԽйֻΪѧϰ,Լܺѧʿ˶ʿͲʿѧλǵijѧ׶,ΪʹǶйĻѧȤ,ǿӢⷽĽ,ǾӢイйĻλʧȥһЩʱ,ǾͻֱúイڵĿγ̡Ԥ,йõķٷչԼйĻѧȲչ,ォδĹʽԵԽԽҪ,ԽԽռϣһεʵ,Ǿֻֽ׶Ӣѧϰ,ӢռйĻѧ,ʹ֮"ֳ"Ҳ˵,ŬѧӢΪ˽ٽӢһĵƺľ롣
           
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           [9]   ִ֮[]   :йѧ,1998   
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